Am 3. Juni 2015 kam es zu einer der bisher schwersten Verletzungen der im Minsk 2-Abkommen im Februar 2015 vereinbarten Waffenruhe. Wir dokumentieren im Folgenden die entsprechenden Berichte der OSZE-Beobachtermission (SMM), deren Mandat in den Minsker Verhandlungen bestätigt wurde. Die Beobachtermission setzt zusätzlich zu Beobachtungsteams auch Beobachtungsdrohnen (UAV) entlang der Waffenstillstandslinie ein und arbeitet außerdem mit dem Joint Centre for Control and Co-ordination (JCCC) zusammen. Das JCCC mit Hauptsitz in Soledar, im ukrainisch kontrollierten Teil der Region Donezk, bringt hochrangige Vertreter der ukrainischen Armee, der russischen Armee und der Separatisten aus Donezk und Luhansk zusammen, um die militärische Lage in der Ostukraine zu überwachen.
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Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 19:30 (Kyiv time), 3 June 2015
The SMM noticed a sharp increase in the number of ceasefire violations at and around Donetsk airport (“Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”)-controlled, 12km north-west of Donetsk). From the Joint Centre for Control and Co-ordination (JCCC) observation point at the Donetsk central railway station (“DPR”-controlled, 8km north-west of Donetsk city centre), over a nine hour period during the day, the SMM heard 249 explosions of both incoming and outgoing fire consistent with artillery, mortar and multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) outgoing from south, west, north-west, north and north-east of the SMM position. Most of the MLRS shelling originated from “DPR”-controlled Kyivskyi district (8km north-west of Donetsk city centre) and Spartak (8km north of Donetsk). It was mostly concentrated and impacted in the area of government-controlled Opytne (10km north-west of Donetsk). The SMM also observed returning fire that the SMM assessed to be outgoing and incoming from Opytne and impacting on the residential area of Kyivskyi district. South of Olenivka (“DPR”-controlled, 23km south-south-west of Donetsk), the SMM heard several incoming explosions approximately 500–1000m west of the SMM position and more than 20 outgoing explosions originating from 200–500m west and east of the H20 road. The SMM unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) observed live shelling in Pervomaiske. The SMM observed civilian infrastructure on fire 500m south-west of Donetsk airport.
Fighting erupted around the government-controlled town of Marinka (23km west-south-west of Donetsk) in the morning of 3 June. The SMM observed the movement of a large amount of heavy weapons in “Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”)-controlled areas—generally in a westerly direction towards the contact line—close to Marinka, preceding and during the fighting. At approximately 06:00hrs, an SMM UAV observed intense shelling targeting an intersection of the H15 highway, 3.5km south-west of Marinka. Calm was restored by the early evening.
In Donetsk city the SMM observed what it assessed to be an increase in military equipment and intensive fighting starting early morning and continuing throughout the day. From the Park Inn Hotel the SMM heard several salvos of outgoing MLRS and close to one hundred artillery rounds impacting in the city. In Petrovskyi district (“DPR”-controlled, 15km south-west of Donetsk), at 07:40hrs, the SMM heard at least 17 salvos of outgoing MLRS (BM-21) and multiple explosions consistent with outgoing mortar fire west of the SMM position.
The security situation remained calm in Mariupol (government-controlled, 103km south of Donetsk), although late in the afternoon between 19:00hrs to 21:00hrs, from its position in Mariupol, the SMM heard continuous shelling in the area of Shyrokyne (20km east of Mariupol). In line with security considerations, the SMM did not monitor the Shyrokyne area.
Spot report by the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM), 3 June 2015: Fighting around Marinka
Fighting erupted around the government-controlled town of Marinka (23km west-south-west of Donetsk city centre) in the morning of 3 June. The SMM observed the movement of a large amount of heavy weapons in “Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”)-controlled areas—generally in a westerly direction towards the contact line—close to Marinka, preceding and during the fighting. Calm was restored by the early evening.
Between 22:30hrs on 2 June and 05:30hrs on 3 June, the SMM—positioned in the “Donetsk People’s Republic” (“DPR”)-controlled Tekstilshchik area of Donetsk city (14km east-north-east of Marinka)—made a number of observations. It observed, inter alia, eight tracked armoured vehicles moving west, four of which were main battle tanks (MBT) at 22:30hrs; four MBTs at 23:03hrs; a military-type truck moving west, towing a 122mm artillery piece at 23:45hrs; two T-64 MBTs moving west at 04:30hrs; and a column of one infantry fighting vehicle (BMP-2), three military trucks (one carrying an ZU-23-2 anti-aircraft gun), and two T-72 MBTs, moving west, at 04:50hrs. In addition, the SMM—at the same location—heard approximately 100 outgoing artillery rounds fired from a location 1–5km north-north-west of its position between 04:30 and 04:40hrs; an outgoing salvo of BM-21 multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) Grad rockets fired from a location 1–5km west of its position at 04:55hrs; and, 100 outgoing artillery rounds fired from a location 5km north-north-west of its position.
Between 04:30 and 05:00hrs, the SMM—positioned in Donetsk city-centre—heard several salvos of outgoing MLRS rockets and approximately 100 incoming heavy-artillery rounds.
Between 07:00 and 08:00hrs, the SMM—mobile in an area 6–9km east of Marinka—observed seven T-64 MBTs facing west. In addition, it heard, on two separate occasions, more than five salvos of outgoing MLRS (BM-21) rockets and heavy-mortar rounds; and 12 outgoing MLRS Grad rockets and mortars.
At approximately 06:00hrs, an SMM unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) observed intense shelling targeting an intersection of the H15 highway 3.5km south-west of Marinka. The UAV spotted four 2S3 Akatsiya 152mm self-propelled howitzers 9km south-west of the town at 15:30hrs.
The SMM made several attempts between 10:45 and 12:11hrs to contact high-ranking “DPR” personnel—including the “DPR” “prime minister”, “parliamentary speaker”, “minister of defence” and “chief of the general staff”—in order to facilitate a cessation to the fighting around Marinka. Either they were unavailable or did not wish to speak to the SMM.
At 15:00hrs the SMM received a letter from the Ukrainian Ministry of Defence, saying Ukrainian Armed Forces heavy weapons would be placed on the contact line in order to deal with the “real threat” posed by the fighting in Marinka, which they said had started at 06:00hrs that morning. Ukrainian officials later publicly acknowledged that the weapons had been used, saying their use was necessary in thwarting a “DPR” attack.
The Representative of the Russian Federation Armed Forces to the Joint Centre for Control and Co-ordination told the SMM at 15:00hrs that a ceasefire around Marinka would take effect at 17:00hrs. He told the SMM at 21:00hrs that the situation around Marinka was currently calm. At around 19:00hrs a representative of the Anti-Terrorist Operation command in Kramatorsk and the “DPR” “ministry of defence” confirmed to the SMM that Marinka was under government control.
The SMM will follow up on reports of civilian and military casualties in Marinka.
Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 19:30 (Kyiv time), 4 June 2015
Concerning the fighting which erupted in Marinka on 3 June, the Ukrainian Armed Forces Major-General, head of the Ukrainian side to the JCCC and the Russian Federation Armed Forces Chief of Staff at the JCCC confirmed that at 17:00hrs on 3 June the “DPR” had retreated to positions held before the attack on 3 June.